Trends in child mortality: The global under-five mortality rate declined by 56% from 93 deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 41 in 2016. All WHO regions have halved their under-five mortality rates in the same time period. The burden of under-five deaths remains unevenly distributed. About 73% of under-five deaths occurred in two regions in 2016, WHO Africa (48%) and WHO South-East Asia (25%). The highest under-five mortality rate remains in the WHO African Region (76.5 per 1000 live births), almost 8 times higher than that in the WHO European Region (9.6 per 1000 live births).
5.6 millionchildren under age five died in 2016,
nearly 15 000 every day
Causes of death
46%of deaths in children under age five in 2016 occurred in the neonatal periodCauses of under-five mortality
Preventing under-five deaths
Approx. 60%of children under five with symptoms of pneumonia are taken to an appropriate health providerCare seeking for pneumonia